EuroUSC Italia, Italy
Marco Ducci got a master degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Rome «La Sapienza» in 2009 and obtained his PhD in Aerospace Engineering in 2012. He joined Deep Blue in November 2012 working on National and European research projects. He has worked on RPAS related projects involving the development of new technologies for cooperative and non-cooperative Detect & Avoid and the assessment of the safety of RPAS operations and he is one of the trainers of the Course “RPAS – A regulatory overview” held at IANS – EUROCONTROL. More recently he coordinated the study about Detect & Avoid State of the Art (project DASA) funded by the European Defence Agency and he was one of the authors of the study for the TRAN Committee of the European Parliament entitled “Safe Integration of Drones Into Airspace”. From November 2016 he will coordinate the Deep Blue contribution to the TRAWA project, funded by the European Defence Agency, with the objective of defining Minimum Operational Performance Specifications (MOPS) for traffic avoidance function for Detect & Avoid. From April 2016 he is also Director of Airworthiness and Regulatory Compliance at EuroUSC-Italia.
According to EASA rules, to navigate under IFR, the aircraft shall be provided with certain information and achieve a certain performance. In other words it is not necessary that the aircraft be equipped with specific navigation receivers on the basis of the Performance Based Navigation (PBN) concept. Traditionally, manned aviation flies along ATS routes or flight instrument procedures published in aeronautical Information Publications (AIP). This is already not totally true in the case of aerial work or low level helicopter operations in class G airspace, where such routes seldom exist. Also drones fly often at Very Low Level (VLL) in uncontrolled airspace G and below the coverage of traditional radio-navigation aids. Most of them use GPS positioning and timing. But we know hat the integrity of GPS is not always guaranteed. Project REAL, sponsored by the GSA, aims at developing navigation systems, suitable for relatively small drones, to improve the accuracy and integrity of satellite navigation by exploiting the signals provided by EGNSO, one of the few pan-European air navigation services already certified by EASA. In particular, REAL will test instrument navigation supported by EGNOS for two typical missions for which drones are suitable: low level firefighting and transport of urgent medicines or medical samples. The project concerns the feasibility, benefits and safety of an EGNOS based solution, including instrument approach and landing. Using the system of European Technical Standard Orders
(ETSO) the navigation system may be certified, even if the airworthiness of the entire UAS is not certified.
Qatar rule UAS.OPB.100 already covers such a possibility.