AW-Drones: Developing a Meta-Standard to Support Drone Operations
EuroUSC Italia, Italy
On behalf of AW-Drones Consortium
Matteo Carta (male) graduated in Aeronautical Engineering in 2017. From November 2016 to April 2017 attended an Internship at Avio, working on aerodynamics and aeroelastic issues of space launcher Vega C. Since January 2018 he has been under full time employment with EuroUSC Italia. The job deals with performing safety analyses and assessment of regulatory compliance within several European Projects, e.g. REAL (for the EGNOS Adoption in Aviation, GSA/EEX.0030/2015), DREAMS (an H2020 Project on drone information management) and AW-Drones (a H2020 project on standardization process for drones).He is also involved in support processes for drone operators with the aim to prepare/review the formal documentation which is required by authority for operational approval. In April 2018 he attended two Education Courses at the JAA TO in Hoofddorp (Netherlands), RPAS Initial and RPAS Operations. These courses offered initial education on the fundamentals of regulation and safety on non-military drones, explained the role of JARUS and provided information on the upcoming basic EASA regulation. In November 2018 he attended a course in Rome on the new EASA Basic Regulation 1139/2018, with a special focus on the new EU regulatory framework for civil drone operations.
AW-Drones is a H2020 research project supporting the ongoing EU drone regulatory process and contributing to harmonise EU civilian drone regulations and standards. The AW-Drones consortium is highly heterogeneous as it includes consultant organisations, manufacturers, operators, aerospace research centres, thus providing expertise in different domains. The consortium consists of the following partners: Deep Blue (Italy), CERTH (Greece), NLR (Netherlands), DJI EUROPE (Netherlands), DLR (Germany), FSF-MED (Cyprus), EuroUSC-Italia (Italy), Ortelio (UK), TU Delft (Netherlands), UNIFLY (Belgium), IAI (Israel), Blyenburgh & Co (France) and DELAIR-TECH (France). Several studies identify a reliable regulatory and standardisation framework as one of the main potential boosters for the drone business. Therefore, to foster the growth of a safe drone usage, there is a need to implement coherent and interoperable global standards and regulations for drones in the EU. The project will develop a methodology to collect and assess standards covering different domains (Avionics & Equipment, Design & Airworthiness, Operations, etc.) and produced by the main Standard Making Bodies (EUROCAE, ISO, ASTM, etc.) The standard assessment considers several criteria, including maturity, effectiveness to fulfil specific KPIs, costs, etc. and will be carried out iteratively. In particular, three iterations are envisaged (one per each year of the project):
- First iteration: standards supporting SORA methodology;
- Second iteration: standards supporting U-Space deployment;
- Third iteration: standards supporting autonomous operations;
The standards with highest ranking will be proposed to EASA to become AMC of the new European regulation. Gaps will be highlighted, and results validated in dedicated workshops and round tables involving experts from relevant organisations.
Two main outcomes are expected from the project:
- An yearly report containing the assessment of all standards collected;
- An Open Repository available for all stakeholders and containing information of all standards available as well as their assessment.